Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together

The "Felt" is clogged with wool fibers. Because of the tension of the fibers to obtain the felt, with successive rubbing pressures and movements on the surface of the earth, with the help of the hands and feet; this art is called "Felting". Felt has used a wide range of applications from the past, with the most important of them being carpeting of residential areas, the supply of various types of clothing, such as hats, caps, pups, shepherd's clothes, etc. The felt is often provided in plain and patterned form. The wool staining is primarily limited to natural wool colors, including white, black, brown, and gray. Today, however, various colored fibers such as red, blue, yellow, orange and ... are used. The tools and materials needed for this profession include two pieces of beads that fit the desired size of the felt, a piece of mat, a fork (a simple wooden tool for spreading wool fibers), a rope, water and soap and a buckle of wool.
For the production of felt, spread the mat on the floor and pile the vest on it. Then they spread the batting wigs with a fork and the same thickness on the bead. In order to provide a felted fiber, arrange the fibers on the fabric according to the design, and then cast a layer of single-colored wool on it. After that, the solution of water and soap is spread over the fibers, and the second coat fabric is spread over the surface of the fiber. Then carefully and with pressure make it in the form of a cylinder and close it with a rope. One or more pieces of the wrapped set are pressed and rubbed by the hands and feet and successively to the ground and sweep back and forth. This work lasts so long as the wool fibers are tangled and condensed, and a felt with a thickness of one centimeter is achieved.

Dezful Felting Gilan Golestan Handicraft Iran Khuzestan


Cities where Felting is prevalent

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